Prohormone & Supplement Ingredients:

Ephedra

Ephedra usually refers to the plant Ephedra sinica, known in Chinese as ma huang. The Chinese have used it in traditional Chinese medicine for 5,000 years to treat asthma, hay fever, and the common cold.

The safety of ephedra-containing dietary supplements has been questioned by the medical community as a result of reports of serious side effects and ephedra-related deaths. In response to accumulating evidence of adverse effects and deaths related to ephedra, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) banned the sale of ephedra-containing supplements on April 12, 2004. The sale of ephedra-containing dietary supplements is currently illegal in the United States.

The stimulant and thermogenic effects of Ephedra sinica and other Ephedra species are due to the presence of the alkaloids ephedrine and pseudoephedrine. These compounds stimulate the brain, increase heart rate, constrict blood vessels (increasing blood pressure), and expand bronchial tubes (making breathing easier). Their thermogenic properties cause an increase in metabolism, evidenced by an increase in body heat.

Ephedra has been used as a weight-loss aid, sometimes in combination with aspirin and caffeine. Some studies in regulated and supervised environments have shown that ephedra is effective for marginal short-term weight loss, although it was unclear whether such weight loss is maintained. However, several reports have documented a number of adverse events attributable to unregulated ephedra supplements.

Adverse effects of ephedra consumption may include severe skin reactions, irritability, nervousness, dizziness, trembling, headache, insomnia, profuse perspiration, dehydration, itchy scalp and skin, vomiting, and hyperthermia. More serious potential side effects include irregular heartbeat, seizures, heart attack, stroke, or death.

Ephedrine is listed as a banned substance by both the International Olympic Committee and the World Anti-Doping Agency.
Supplements with this ingredient:
None (for now)

Links to additional information on Ephedra
Ephedra (Ephedra sinica) / ma huang (Added on 3/18/2013 12:51:00 PM)
MA HUANG, AN ANCIENT CHINESE STIMULANT (Added on 3/18/2013 12:52:00 PM)
Ephedra (Added on 3/18/2013 12:54:00 PM)
Efficacy and safety of ephedra and ephedrine for weight loss and athletic performance (Added on 3/18/2013 12:54:00 PM)
Caffeine and ephedrine: physiological, metabolic and performance-enhancing effects (Added on 3/18/2013 12:55:00 PM)

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