Prohormone & Supplement Ingredients:

Creatine Ethyl Ester (CEE)

Creatine is one of the most popular nutritional supplements for athletes hoping to add lean muscle mass. Creatine Ethyl Esther (CEE) is another form of creatine, with the most popular being the well-know Creatine Monohydrate.

There are numerous scientific studies involving non-endurance athletes that have shown unequivocally that appropriate supplementation with creatine is safe and effective for increasing the rate of adding lean muscle mass and producing strength gains.

One of the challenges with creatine is that muscle cells absorb it poorly and athletes have to take large doses for it to be effective level. Large doses can be hard on the kidneys and has also been known to cause bloating. If you're a bodybuilder looking for increased definition, you want to avoid creatine, especially during contest prep.

In order to make creatine more accessible to cells, chemists modified the molecule, turning Creatine Monohydrate into Creative Ethyl Esther. Esterification is the chemical process of combining an organic acid, like creatine, with an alcohol to produce a new compound. It's been observed that cellular uptake of many other substances is improved when they were esterified.

Improved uptake would mean smaller doses, which in turn is less taxing on the kidneys and would cause less bloating.

The truth, according to an in-depth study by researchers at the University of Tulsa, is that creatine ethyl ester is very unstable in the bloodstream. Within a few minutes the ester completely breaks down into creatine and ethanol. The decomposition is faster than absorption into the muscle cells. As a result, taking creatine ethyl ester is no different from taking creatine.

The decomposition products of the ester are creatine, like you would get from a traditional creatine supplement, and ethyl alcohol, as you would find in beer.

While not harmful, the myth surrounding creatine ethyl ester can lead to two detrimental effects:

1. Because athletes are told that it is absorbed better than creatine itself, they can take less of it. This means that they probably are getting less than the optimal amount of creatine to their muscles.

2. Creatine ethyl ester costs about twice as much as creatine monohydrate, the traditional source of creatine for athletes.

So, according to Gordon Purser, a professor of chemistry at the University of Tulsa, athletes should stick with the tried-and–true form of creatine (creatine monohydrate)and save their money.
Supplements with this ingredient:
Supernova H4 (Prohormones)

Links to additional information on Creatine Ethyl Ester (CEE)
The effects of creatine ethyl ester supplementation (Added on 6/2/2011)

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